Canto XV


As much as 'twixt the close of the third hour

  And dawn of day appeareth of that sphere

  Which aye in fashion of a child is playing,


So much it now appeared, towards the night,

5  Was of his course remaining to the sun;

  There it was evening, and 'twas midnight here;


And the rays smote the middle of our faces,

  Because by us the mount was so encircled,

  That straight towards the west we now were going


10When I perceived my forehead overpowered

  Beneath the splendour far more than at first,

  And stupor were to me the things unknown,


Whereat towards the summit of my brow

  I raised my hands, and made myself the visor

15  Which the excessive glare diminishes.


As when from off the water, or a mirror,

  The sunbeam leaps unto the opposite side,

  Ascending upward in the selfsame measure


That it descends, and deviates as far

20  From falling of a stone in line direct,

  (As demonstrate experiment and art,)


So it appeared to me that by a light

  Refracted there before me I was smitten;

  On which account my sight was swift to flee.


25"What is that, Father sweet, from which I cannot

  So fully screen my sight that it avail me,"

  Said I, "and seems towards us to be moving?"


"Marvel thou not, if dazzle thee as yet

  The family of heaven," he answered me;

30  "An angel 'tis, who comes to invite us upward.


Soon will it be, that to behold these things

  Shall not be grievous, but delightful to thee

  As much as nature fashioned thee to feel."


When we had reached the Angel benedight,

35  With joyful voice he said: "Here enter in

  To stairway far less steep than are the others."


We mounting were, already thence departed,

  And "Beati misericordes" was

  Behind us sung, "Rejoice, thou that o'ercomest!"


40My Master and myself, we two alone

  Were going upward, and I thought, in going,

  Some profit to acquire from words of his;


And I to him directed me, thus asking:

  "What did the spirit of Romagna mean,

45  Mentioning interdict and partnership?"


Whence he to me: "Of his own greatest failing

  He knows the harm; and therefore wonder not

  If he reprove us, that we less may rue it.


Because are thither pointed your desires

50  Where by companionship each share is lessened,

  Envy doth ply the bellows to your sighs.


But if the love of the supernal sphere

  Should upwardly direct your aspiration,

  There would not be that fear within your breast;


55For there, as much the more as one says Our,

  So much the more of good each one possesses,

  And more of charity in that cloister burns."


"I am more hungering to be satisfied,"

  I said, "than if I had before been silent,

60  And more of doubt within my mind I gather.


How can it be, that boon distributed

  The more possessors can more wealthy make

  Therein, than if by few it be possessed?"


And he to me: "Because thou fixest still

65  Thy mind entirely upon earthly things,

  Thou pluckest darkness from the very light.


That goodness infinite and ineffable

  Which is above there, runneth unto love,

  As to a lucid body comes the sunbeam.


70So much it gives itself as it finds ardour,

  So that as far as charity extends,

  O'er it increases the eternal valour.


And the more people thitherward aspire,

  More are there to love well, and more they love there,

75  And, as a mirror, one reflects the other.


And if my reasoning appease thee not,

  Thou shalt see Beatrice; and she will fully

  Take from thee this and every other longing.


Endeavour, then, that soon may be extinct,

80  As are the two already, the five wounds

  That close themselves again by being painful."


Even as I wished to say, "Thou dost appease me,"

  I saw that I had reached another circle,

  So that my eager eyes made me keep silence.


85There it appeared to me that in a vision

  Ecstatic on a sudden I was rapt,

  And in a temple many persons saw;


And at the door a woman, with the sweet

  Behaviour of a mother, saying: "Son,

90  Why in this manner hast thou dealt with us?


Lo, sorrowing, thy father and myself

  Were seeking for thee;" — and as here she ceased,

  That which appeared at first had disappeared.


Then I beheld another with those waters

95  Adown her cheeks which grief distils whenever

  From great disdain of others it is born,


And saying: "If of that city thou art lord,

  For whose name was such strife among the gods,

  And whence doth every science scintillate,


100Avenge thyself on those audacious arms

  That clasped our daughter, O Pisistratus;"

  And the lord seemed to me benign and mild


To answer her with aspect temperate:

  "What shall we do to those who wish us ill,

105  If he who loves us be by us condemned?"


Then saw I people hot in fire of wrath,

  With stones a young man slaying, clamorously

  Still crying to each other, "Kill him! kill him!"


And him I saw bow down, because of death

110  That weighed already on him, to the earth,

  But of his eyes made ever gates to heaven,


Imploring the high Lord, in so great strife,

  That he would pardon those his persecutors,

  With such an aspect as unlocks compassion.


115Soon as my soul had outwardly returned

  To things external to it which are true,

  Did I my not false errors recognize.


My Leader, who could see me bear myself

  Like to a man that rouses him from sleep,

120  Exclaimed: "What ails thee, that thou canst not stand?


But hast been coming more than half a league

  Veiling thine eyes, and with thy legs entangled,

  In guise of one whom wine or sleep subdues?"


"O my sweet Father, if thou listen to me,

125  I'll tell thee," said I, "what appeared to me,

  When thus from me my legs were ta'en away."


And he: "If thou shouldst have a hundred masks

  Upon thy face, from me would not be shut

  Thy cogitations, howsoever small.


130What thou hast seen was that thou mayst not fail

  To ope thy heart unto the waters of peace,

  Which from the eternal fountain are diffused.


I did not ask, 'What ails thee?' as he does

  Who only looketh with the eyes that see not

135  When of the soul bereft the body lies,


But asked it to give vigour to thy feet;

  Thus must we needs urge on the sluggards, slow

  To use their wakefulness when it returns."


We passed along, athwart the twilight peering

140  Forward as far as ever eye could stretch

  Against the sunbeams serotine and lucent;


And lo! by slow degrees a smoke approached

  In our direction, sombre as the night,

  Nor was there place to hide one's self therefrom.


145This of our eyes and the pure air bereft us.